An anoscopy is a simple medical procedure that can help your doctor identify an abnormality in your gastrointestinal tract, notably in your anus and rectum.

To perform an anoscopy, your doctor will insert a device called an anoscope into your anus.

This scope is typically made of plastic (disposable) or stainless steel (sterilizable). An anoscope allows your doctor to get a detailed look at the tissue within your anal-rectal areas.

An anoscopy can identify several conditions and diseases that can affect the lower part of your intestines. These include:

  • Hemorrhoids
  • Cancer and rectal polyps
  • Anal fissures


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